La negativa de las Asociaciones Nacionales y las Confederaciones a las sentencias emanadas de Tribunales Nacionales, una práctica en expansión.

Como muchos de ustedes vienen observando día a día en el caso FC Sion-UEFA, disputa por la cual el Club Suizo ha acudido a los tribunales suizos para proteger sus derechos (violando expresamente el artículo 64 de los Estatutos de la FIFA el cual prohíbe a sus miembros acudir a los tribunales ordinarios), cada vez se suman más condimentos a este pleito.

Acusaciones cruzadas, amenazas de denuncias penales por desacato, de desafiliación de competiciones, entre otras, están a la orden del día.
Asimismo vemos que este caso ha traspasado las fronteras suizas y se está desparramando por todo el mundo. Es fácil vislumbrar la posición que los Miembros FIFA (Clubes, Federaciones Nacionales, Jugadores, etc.) están tomando cuando observan que sus derechos no son tutelados de forma correcta por la Fédération de Football Internationale Association. Cada vez son más las entidades o personas físicas que deciden acudir a los tribunales ordinarios de sus países para reclamar el cumplimiento de, lo que ellos consideran, es su propio derecho.

Asimismo, podemos ver que no es patrimonio exclusivo de este Club suizo el reclamo mediante amparos a la justicia ordinaria de su país. En Argentina, un modesto club de la Provincia de Santa Fé (Club Atlético Colón de San Lorenzo) ha presentado un amparo ante la justicia local ordinaria para suspender la asamblea en la cual se realizaría la votación para elegir al próximo Presidente de la Asociación del Fútbol Argentino (AFA), la cual preside el Sr. Julio Grondona desde 1979. El reclamo tuvo aceptación y la Jueza hizo lugar al pedido del Club.

Colaborador Sportia: Mariano Bambaci – LLM International Sports Law

Al margen del acuerdo o decisión judicial a la cual se llegue en estos casos, lo que no podemos dejar de vislumbrar es que cada vez más Miembros de la FIFA hacen caso omiso del artículo 64 de los Estatutos de la federación internacional para proteger sus prerrogativas ante tribunales ordinarios.

Colaborador Sportia – Lic. Mariano Bambaci – LLM International Sports Law

Taking upon the responsibility of preventing violence and racism in sports.

It seems that when we see violent and racist acts in European football, we see private and public authorities taking action to try to prevent and sanction such acts and conducts. We see great security agendas, action plans and police forces; we also see administrative bodies that apply firm and serious sanctions to offenders. As if this was not enough, we find tough and rigorous laws that regulate particular situations that take place when faced with violence in sporting events. All this, without mentioning the stadiums: fully equipped with security requirements and measures, organized security personnel and an important volunteer base that takes care of additional “safety” procedures. It´s fair to ask ourselves: ¿If European professional football faces frequent violent acts and conducts in and out of the stadiums, if we see football in this continent being tainted with horrible racist acts; then, how do smaller, poorer countries in other parts of the world deal with this critical issue?

Recently a small Central America country made a great effort to pursue the prevention and sanction of violence and racism in sports. Even if its own Ministry of Justice and Peace found little budget to finance such work, they found aid in an international body (United Nations) to make this objective possible. Months later these same authorities presented a draft bill to the pertinent sports sectors: national federations, National Olympic Committee, professional football league, players association, clubs, public authorities and members of the Legislative power.

This initiative presented stated three pillars: a) the use of education as a long term preventive measure. The creation of state programs to rehabilitate sport values, to promote the fair play and to respect – both from a personal as from a sporting perspective – the rival in any sporting event or competition; b) the prevention, organization and coordination of the fight against violence and racism by means of establishing security measures by both private and public parties, and c) the sanctioning of conducts that violate a conduct code or infraction regime. Spectators, sportsmen, stadium owners or administrators, and organizers of sports competitions where informed about this new legal framework, especially in regards to the responsibility and obligations each one of them would have in this “new order” against violence and racism in sports.

In consequence, we could say that this small country has few resources to finance great security agendas or action plans, little resources to create and finance an administrative body to deal with the registry of infractions in sports, its stadiums barely count with basic security requirements, there is little personnel educated in violence prevention and day by day it sees how violence and racism are slowly entering and sickening its national sports competitions. Nonetheless, they have acted responsibly and worked hard to see the beginning of a Sports Act-Law against Violence and Racism in Sports. This legal framework recognizes the limitations of its own social and economic reality, as well as it highlights the strong points that make this project viable and workable in the near future. If this project helps to prevent and reduce violence and racism in sports, all those hours of hard work would definitely have been worth the while.

Sportia Law is greatly pleased to have being part of this constructive and challenging initiative, that since from the start has brought us closer to our social responsibility values and our eagerness to collaborate in this remarkable professional experiences.